Le Feu
Un  feu de bois, le soir, un"finjan", quelques etoiles filantes,de bons amis

Quelques precautions

-Choisir un endroit eloigne de batiments et de produits inflammables (par exemple pas juste a cote
des raffineries!), ni dans un jardin public ni a proximite d'un abri.
-Apporter l'eau pour eteindre le feu avant de l'allumer.
-Ne jamais verser de l'essence sur le feu .
-Ne brulez pas de formica, plastics etc
-Ne vous installez pas juste a cote du feu, les braises s'envolent.
-Habillez-vous de coton ou de laine, pas de materiaux synthetiques.
-Ne pas jouer avec le feu (au sens propre!)
-Rester a cote du feu jusqu'a ce qu'il soit completement eteint
En cas d'incendie appellez le 102
Learning pain from trees, video by  Elyasaf Kowner
Origine des feux de forets en Israel
Etude de l'Universite de Fribourg sur les incendies en Israel
Regeneration de la vegetation apres les incendies
Rehabilitation des forets du Nord par le KKL, apres la deuxieme guerre du
Les avions israeliens aident a eteindre des incendies de foret en Grece
En l'honneur des pompiers de France et d'Israel  qui sont toujours la pour nous
L'embleme des pompiers de Haifa
Helping nature to help itself
When sirens wailed throughout the north of Israel this summer, residents' first reaction was to find shelter. The
next was to tune in to the nearest radio or TV and find out what had happened. When it was announced that
"rockets fell on empty land," we breathed a sigh of relief that there were no casualties or damage to property.
Only now are we absorbing the fact that the rockets that fell on empty land destroyed up to 65,000 dunams
(16,000 acres) of forests and grazing fields, according to the JNF-KKL. Rolling Galilee hills and the slopes of
the Golan have been denuded of the lush vegetation and forests that protected the soil, provided shade and
recreation and beautified the landscape. Rockets fell in forests, vineyards, orchards and open fields causing
fires, so that the surrounding landscape not destroyed by the flames was blackened by soot and ash.
The cost to the environment is devastating, and some experts estimate that it will take up to 60 years to recover.
But Prof. Zev Naveh of the Haifa Technion, who has spent a lifetime in the study of afforestation, says that we
should learn from the history of evolution of human cultural landscape from the Pleistocene (1.8 million to
12,000 years ago) to the present day that controlled fire can be friendly to the environment.
Naveh urges the afforestation authorities not to plough in with heavy equipment and clear the fire-damaged
landscape but rather carefully assess where and whether there is any possibility of spontaneous regrowth. He
says there is a three-year window of opportunity when the burnt landscape can use the cleansing effects of fire
and mineral replenishment in the soil before removing and replanting.
In collaboration with Prof. Arthur Lieberman, professor emeritus of Cornell University now living in Haifa,
Naveh has prepared a list of recommendations for JNF-KKL entitled "Restoration of the burned forests in
Simply put, his message is: Let nature do the main work; plan only in areas where there is no prospect of tree
Professor emeritus of the Technion's Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Division of Agriculture,
Naveh, 85, continues his life's work and dedication to the landscape of Israel from his state-of-the-art home
office on the peak of the Carmel in Haifa. Born in Amsterdam, Naveh grew up in Germany, where he already
knew of the Jewish National Fund and had a Blue Box in the family home. He immigrated to the Holy Land in
1935 at the age of 15 with the Zionist Pathfinder youth movement, spent his early years on kibbutz, and was a
founder of Kibbutz Metzuba in the western Galilee in 1938.
As a true pioneer, he and his comrades prepared the rocky slopes for cultivation. Copying the methods of the
Israelite tribes of 5,000 years ago, they removed the dense shrub cover and rock outcrops and used them to
construct terraces. He also worked as a shepherd and in cattle breeding for milk and meat production. In his
attachment to the rocky Mediterranean hill and mountain landscape, he appreciated the natural and cultural
assets and long human history of co-evolution. "I also understood that this was a science," says Naveh.
He went on to earn an MSc. degree in agronomy at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and was a teacher and
researcher in landscape and restoration ecology at the Technion's Lowdermilk Faculty of Agricultural
Engineering from 1965.
Naveh's work took him traveling to share his expertise and learn a holistic approach incorporating integrative
methods, transcending the frontiers of natural sciences into social sciences, humanities and arts. He spent three
years in Africa advising on forestry development with the UN's Food and Agricultural Organization in a
program initiated by Golda Meir. During this time, his team influenced the coffee growers there to protect their
soil by planting grass and legumes, which in turn were used to feed the cattle.
In the late 1950s he was a visiting research fellow at Berkeley's school of forestry and was impressed by
California's example of using controlled, prescribed burning of brush canopy while saving certain tree species
from fire. Naveh was inspired by icons in the field such as professors Harold Biswell and Arnold Schultz, whom
he later brought to lecture at the Technion; Prof. Robert Whittaker, a giant in vegetation ecology; and Prof.
Eugene Odum of the University of Georgia, a pioneer of ecosystem ecology.
"Fire serves as an important link in recycling nutrients to the soil," says Naveh, referring to Odum's work and
observations that after burning, annual grasses and flowers emerge. Naveh brought the fruits of his travels back
to Israel and was the first teacher of ecology at Tel Aviv University.
Even in his pre-academic days at Metzuba, he observed post-fire regeneration of herbaceous and woody
vegetation. And as early as 1951, he started research on fire ecology as pasture and range research scientist at
the Ya'ar experimental station. He noted that during the first years after a fire when the land is at its most
vulnerable, animal grazing was detrimental to the reseeded grasses. In the 1970s he studied the cultural
landscape of Mount Carmel, an area that itself has seen the ravages of fire - sometimes by arson, other times set
off by careless picnickers.
In 1999, the Journal of Mediterranean Ecology published his paper entitled "The Role of Fire As an
Evolutional Ecological Factor on the Landscapes of Mount Carmel." Referring to the Pleistocenes, where fire
played an important role in the co-evolution of the Paleolithic food-gatherers and hunters, he observed that fire
served as a driving force in the domestication of agricultural plants. In his study, Naveh berates the recent
planting of highly flammable pine forests but, nevertheless, reports on the great regeneration capacities of the
Mediterranean woody and herbaceous vegetation, and root re-sprouting and seed germination after fire.
Naveh's research collaborator, Prof. Arthur Lieberman, met Naveh in the late 1960s at Cornell, where
Lieberman is professor emeritus of physical and environmental quality. After three sabbatical visits to Haifa, the
Liebermans immigrated to Israel in 1987 and Haifa was their choice of home.
"It's a very special city," says Lieberman, who taught for three years in the Geography Department at the
University of Haifa and serves as resident director of the Cornell Abroad program.
In retirement since 1987, Naveh says that his mission is to raise awareness of the need for a problem-solving
oriented trans-disciplinary approach to ease the transition from the industrial to post-industrial global
information age. Ahead of his time, Naveh has addressed the problems of encroachment on the landscape by
industry and population growth. Far from rejecting the advances of civilization, his life's work has been to
protect the landscape with appropriate human management.
Among his many publications and works relating to his vision of an environmental revolution is the 1984 book
co-written with Lieberman and updated in 1994, Landscape Ecology: Theory and Application. An anthology of
his essays and studies of over 40 years is soon to be published in the Springer Landscape Series.
Throughout the work of these two experts runs the principle of renewal and restoration, preservation and
adaptation. Discussing the history of afforestation in Israel, Lieberman talks of a trial proposed by Naveh and
adopted by JNF-KKL in the Ahihud forest in western Galilee, where there was a departure from standard
practice of planting pine trees.
"In Italy, pines are known as match sticks," he says. "Now there is a trend to a multi-purpose, multi-faced,
multi-layered approach to afforestation."
Lieberman explains why pines were so popular in the past. "They grow fast and give shade, and it was the right
motivation for the time." He adds that the first foresters in Israel were Swiss - and what suits Switzerland is not
necessarily right for this part of the Mediterranean.
"A forest is not just timber," notes Naveh. "It is recreation and soil restoration."
Indeed, education about fire prevention and litter control is needed for the population who enjoys the forests'
picnic areas and adventure playgrounds. While the nation is dismayed at the destruction of the countryside in
the North, this writer notes that often, when we take our family on a picnic in the Carmel forests, we have to
clean up the mess of discarded bottles, cans, plastic and other unmentionables before we can safely allow our
children to play.
Returning to their document of recommendations for dealing with the recent uncontrolled fires in the Galilee
and their impact on the environment, the two experts discuss the amazing adaptation of nature to fire. But the
challenge is how human agents work to harness that adaptation - or whether their fire-fighting methods and
replanting will literally add fuel to the flames.
"I have the most profound admiration for those who endangered their lives to try to save forests and woodlands
from the teeth of the fires," says Naveh. He also pays tribute to JNF-KKL and all the volunteers who aided the
fire-fighting. However, the damage is not irreversible and it is now in the hands of JNF-KKL and the Nature
and Parks Authority to act with discretion and ecological reasoning.
"Eventually we may even see some benefit in rehabilitating the damaged land into richer and more diverse
forests that are less flammable and more suited to the local conditions," says Naveh.
Shrubs and trees can regenerate from buds. Oaks and pistachios, laurel and olive trees, which have deep roots,
survive even if above ground they look charred beyond redemption. Even pines regenerate; the cones explode
and distribute new seeds.
According to these recommendations, further disturbance to the ecosystem in the vulnerable first three years
after fire may indeed inflict irreversible damage. Standard practice of complete clearance and replanting should
only be carried out if there is truly no prospect of renewal below as well as above ground.
The continuing message is diversify. The experience of the eucalyptus shows that while they are not as
flammable initially, they burn at a higher temperature and produce more heat, which in itself prevents renewal.
And the two conclude: Let nature exploit the great renewal potential of native trees acquired over thousands of
years. Conduct a thorough survey to ensure that the process is not harmed through removal of trunks or
clearing of scorched areas with heavy equipment. Avoid grazing of burnt shrub lands because, along with the
old undergrowth, goats will choose the tasty new buds as they appear in that vulnerable period.
Treading carefully through the wounded landscape and exploiting nature to renew is the speediest, most
efficient and least expensive way for primary rehabilitation and ensured ecological and landscape values.
The second stage is to plant with diversity, introducing multi-purpose herbs, medicinal and perfume plants, and
trees that are compatible with the region's ecology.
The two experts are convinced that the people and landscape will recover from this period of despair and
helplessness. "Not only the forestry authorities are needed for this work, but the entire caring population can
participate," says Lieberman, referring to "green" volunteers and the recruitment of school groups.
In light of the years of research and fieldwork done by these experts, it appears that nature has a lot of work to
do. Humans, however well motivated, should sometimes stand by and see what nature can do before intervening.
Une des branches de la compagnie de recherche et de
developpement  compagnie TAMI EMI  est mondialement
connue pour ses inventions de retardants de flammes
halogenes et non halogenes
page d'accueil
Exhausted firefighters are 'civilian heroes' Nathaniel Rosen, Jerusalem Post, July 19th  2006
For the members of the fire department, the past week has been filled with little sleep, growing
tension and round-the-clock action, as firefighters tirelessly combat the constant barrage of fires
caused by Katyusha rocket attacks.
"We are the civilian heroes of this war," said firefighter Hezi Levi, though he added that a lack of
manpower and equipment has made the firefighters' jobs difficult.
Due to a shortage of manpower in the areas under fire, nearly half the members of fire department
have left their regular posts and gone to help in the North. Now with only half of the firefighters
remaining throughout the rest of the country, fire stations in many locations are understaffed.
"Unfortunately it is a short blanket," said Israeli Fire and Rescue Services Commissioner Shimon
Romach. "When you lift up the blanket you leave your legs uncovered."
To help staff the depleted fire houses, the Friends of Israel Firefighters (FIF) has organized for 50
volunteers from the Rockland County Fire Department in New York to come serve in Israel in the
coming weeks. The volunteers will be placed at understaffed fire houses throughout the country.
The firefighters in the North have been working around the clock to combat the constant
bombardment of Katyushas, often extinguishing hundreds of fires a day. Levi explained the process
that occurs when a Katyusha is fired.
"When we hear the siren, we run for shelter, even if the shelter is just a rock. Then, when we are
sure that the missile has hit, we get a call from the police or from neighbors with an exact location
of the missile. Then we are the first at the scene to extinguish the fire, help those who are injured
and search the area for any trapped people," said Levi.
"This scene is very different from that of other fires," he continued. "In other fires we stick around,
but here the moment we know the fire is out, we leave as soon as possible because there may be
another missile coming."
The commissioner warned that firefighters need to be careful of any un-detonated explosives that
may remain in the Katyushas. To combat the risk, firefighters wear army-issued protective gear
along with their normal fire suits.
Thus far only two firefighters have been injured. The two suffered minor injuries on Tuesday in the
aftermath of a Katyusha attack on Safed. However, after being examined by a paramedic, the injured
firefighters demanded to go back to the fire station, not to the hospital.
According to Romach, the firefighters' success is largely due to the department's new and improved
fire trucks. The small first responders are able to quickly navigate through narrow city streets or
rough forest terrain.
While the trucks are extremely effective, they are in short supply. In an attempt to better equip the
fire department, the FIF and the Jewish National Fund of the United States have launched a joint
emergency campaign aimed at raising the money necessary to purchase additional trucks.
Emergency meetings have been held over the last three days in an effort to quickly raise enough
funds to purchase nearly 100 new fire trucks.
Despite the lack of manpower and equipment, the firefighters' determination to extinguish the fires
and keep citizens safe is commendable.
"I am very proud of my firefighters. They are doing a very, very good job," said Romach.
Pompiers en Israel 102
Pompiers volontaires Programme Lehavot de l'Agence Juive
et de l'Association des Pompiers.
Site de l'agence nationale de lutte contre l'incendie et de sauvetage
Association sapeurs-pompiers France-Israel
I F A D Israel Fire Air Defense
Sam, l'heroique pompier des petits enfants  parle Anglais et Hebreu, et doit bien savoir aussi un peu
le Francais!
Pompiers : 102
Smokey Bear
Destruction de Sodome et Gommorhe, manuscrit ethiopien
En 2008 les pompiers de Haifa
celebreront 75 ans d'activite.
Un projet de recherche sur l'histoire des
pompiers de Haifa, dirige par le Dr Shay
Horev et Eli Nachmias,  a ete lance par les
archives municipales afin de feter cet
Une equipe  de chercheurs des archives de
la ville a decouvert de nombreux
documents historiques eclairant la
fondation de l'association des sapeurs
pompiers de Haifa, des minutes et rapports
de commissions qui se sont occupees de ce
sujet au long de nombreuses annees.  Les
pompiers sont ainsi passes du statut de
volontaires a celui de travailleurs  salaries.
Ces commissions ont aussi ont aussi statue
sur les domaines d'activite des pompiers,
leur place dans la communaute etc... De
nombreuses photographies ont  ete
presentees, en particulier des images de
l'incendie de "Shell", et des photos
montrant des femmes faisant partie des
forces de secours
Les archives de la municipalite demandent
a cette occasion a tous ceux et celles qui
possedent des documents ou des objets
relatifs aux pompiers de Haifa de leurs
origines a ce jour, de bien vouloir les leur
faire parvenir afin qu'ils puissent  servir
aux chercheurs et aux generations a venir.
Archives de la Municipalite:
04-8526587, 04-8556670, 04-8356644.
Des criminels detruisent les forets de la reserve du Carmel afin d'obtenir  le
droit de construire sur ces terrains (31 juillet 2007)
Visite de la caserne de Haifa:  Les pompiers accueillent gentiment les enfants et les volontaires de Beit Hagalgalim
Comme un phenix qui renait de ses cendres, la tres rare michauxia
(Lachnophyllum noaeanum) reapparait dans les forest de Naftali.
Volontaires, Haifa, annees 1940
Station centrale des pompiers de Haifa
Gesher Pazn
Decembre 2010
Malheureusement. je dois mettre cette page a jour
Elad Riven, volontaire
Uri Smeindeye, pompier
Danny Hayat, pompier
Benies soient leur memoire
Elad Riven
Merci a tous les  pompiers qui ont travaille sans relache et a tous nos amis,  pompiers et pilotes  venus de loin nous aider dans ce
moment difficile, pour les avions, helicopteres et produit retardateurs:
 Jordanie, Bulgarie, Chypre, Grece, Turquie, Grande
Bretagne, Egypte, Croatie, France, Espagne, Autorite Palestinienne, Azerbaijan, Suisse, Roumanie, Russie, Canada, USA,
Nos voeux  de sante  a tous les blesses et  nos condoleances aux familles des victimes de cette tragedie
Carnet de voyage Mission d'appui Securite Civile Israel Decembre 2010
Colonel Patrick BAUTHEAC, Commandant Manuel KREMER, Capitaine Michel
CORREARD, Adjudant/Chef Jean‐Marie GUZENGAR, Caporal/Chef Pascal

Soirée de prières et de recueillement en mémoire des victimes de l'incendie du
Mont Carmel et en hommage aux combattants du feu
Newsletter du Consistoire de Paris
Cérémonie exceptionnelle à la Grande Synagogue de La Victoire, à l'invitation du
Grand Rabbin de France, du Grand Rabbin de Paris et du Président du
Consistoire, et en présence notamment de l'Ambassadeur d'Israël en France SE
Yossi GAL et Nicole GUEDJ, Présidente de le Fondation France Israël.
Spécialement venus d’Israël, Amos et Barak Sillam, deux pompiers israéliens, sont
venus témoigner de la catastrophe humaine et écologique de l’incendie du Mont
Avec des flammes de 20 mètres de haut, doublées de fortes rafales de vent, ces
pompiers professionnels n’avaient jamais connu un tel embrasement et ne
disposaient pas de moyen adaptés ni suffisants pour combattre un sinistre majeur.
L’émotion était palpable dans l’assistance à l’évocation des circonstances tragiques
où le jeune Elad Riban, un jeune volontaire de 16 ans, a trouvé la mort en portant
secours aux passagers du bus encerclé par les flammes.
Le Capitaine Michel Correard, officier du Service Départemental d’Incendie et de
Secours de l’Hérault a codirigé les opérations françaises de soutien à Israël, gérant
au sol le travail des 5 bombardiers d’eau envoyés par la France. De cette mission,
il retient l’accueil fantastique des Israéliens tous solidaires contre les flammes en
même temps qu’ils célébraient Hanouka et les cris de « Vive la France » à chaque
largage d’eau sur le mont Carmel. C’est un message d’espoir qu’il a délivré peu
avant de participer à l’allumage de la 8e bougie de Hanouka. Un message d’autant
plus fort, qu’il émane d’un représentant de la France, d’un ami d’Israël et d’un
pompier : « Israël pleure aujourd’hui ses morts, mais il se relèvera et tirera leçon
de ce qui s’est produit et la forêt repoussera encore plus belle qu’avant »
Cérémonie émouvante organisée notamment avec l'aide du Président de la
Communauté de La Victoire Jacques CANET et le Rabbin de la Communauté de
La Victoire, Mosché SEBBAG, avec le soutien du LIBI et du KKL.
Danny Hayat
Uri Smeindeye
Janvier 2011 Quatre nouvelles voitures  pour Haifa
Intensite des feus 2000-2013 (NASA)